The Virtual Corkscrew Museum's Weekly Newspaper
Sunday, November 1, 2009
Bremen Town Musicians
The four creatures on the handle of this silver corkscrew are the celebrated Musicians of Bremen, Germany. They are from a fairy tale by the Brothers Grimm. The tale has been translated into many languages over and over again. For those who are interested in the whole story and want to know why these four creatures are stacked each atop the other, a version that appeared in an 1861 edition of Household Stories is at the end of this newsletter. You will also find a link to the Disney cartoon "The Four Musicians of Bremen." The miniature booklet shown above is from Penney's Department Store (coutesy of Dean Walters).
A brass example with Verdigris finish.
Note the differences in the bottle openers and the bits on the worm sheath.
Bremen Corkscrew Keys
Although the Musicians of Bremen key is quite popular, many other Bremen souvenir keys have been produced. Keys from Bremen can be found in a variety of sizes, designs, and materials. Some have been used as promotional or commemorative pieces.
St. Peter's Key. St. Peter is the Patron Saint of Bremen. Note the difference in the handle designs.
Bremen coat of arms featuring the Bremer Schlüssel (Bremen Key).
There is a large barrel in the Bremen Rathskeller with a Bacchus figure on top.
Bacchus on the barrel is depicted on this key.
Three symbols from the city of Bremen.
An exceptional handle design. Note the different bit on the sheath.
Small key from Ernst Meyer Juwelier in Bremen
Note the different bits on the sheath.
The key on the left is engraved "Biomaris"* and has the Bremen key on both sides. The key on the right has the Bremen key on one side and the G T F logo on the other. GTF may be G. Theodor Freese GmbH & Co., a company headquartered in Bremen specializing in marine flooring and coatings.
*Biomaris is a seventy year old cosmetic company headquartered in Bremen with worldwide distribution.
Another key with the initials G. T. F. and one engraved "Uberreicht durch Kajeanstalt Bremerhaven der Bremen Lagerhaus - Gesellschaft."
Hütte Bremen / Klöckner
Advertising "Hanseatische Gummiwarenfabrik Bremen".
ESSO celebrating the World Marine Operating Conference, Bremen, Germany, in 1958
Key dated 1953 for the "Bremen Hockey Club b.V. Pfingsten"
The bottle opener in this matched pair advertises Bremen's Beck's Beer.
Elegant handles on this bar set in presentation box from Wilkens & Danger, Bremen.
Bar set from Brinkmann & Lange Juweliere in presentation box.
Bremen Key corkscrew and bottle opener in presentation box.
Bremen key corkscrews with "Bremen" tag attached.
The Musicians of Bremen
Editor's Note: From Household Stories by Jacob Grimm, Wilhelm Grimm, and Edward Henry Wehnert published in London in 1861 by Routledge, Warne, & Routledge as a "new translation."
A Certain man had a Donkey, which had served him faithfully for many long years, but whose strength was so far gone that at last it was quite unfit for work. So his master was thinking how much he could make of the skin, but the Donkey perceiving that no good wind was blowing, ran away along the road to Bremen. "There," thought he, " I can be town musician." When he had run some way, he found a Hound lying by the road-side, yawning like one who was very tired. "What are you yawning for now, you big fellow ?" asked the Ass.
"Ah," replied the Hound, "because every day I grow older and weaker; I cannot go any more to the hunt, and my master has well-nigh beaten me to death, So that I took to flight; and now I do not know how to earn my bread."
"Well! do you know," said the Ass, "I am going to Bremen, to be town-musician there; suppose you go with me and take a share in the music. I will play on the lute, and you shall beat the kettle-drums." The Dog was satisfied, and off they set.
Presently they came to a Cat, sitting in the middle of the path, with a face like three rainy days ! "Now then, old shaver, what has crossed you?" asked the Ass.
"How can one be merry when one's neck has been pinched like mine?" answered the Cat. "Because I am growing old, and my teeth are all worn to stumps, and because I would rather sit by the fire and spin, than run after mice, my mistress wanted to drown me; and so I ran away. But now good advice is dear, and I do not know what to do."
" Go with us to Bremen. You understand nocturnal music, so you can be town musician." The Cat consented, and went with them. The three vagabonds soon came near a Farm-yard, where, upon the barn-door, the Cock was sitting crowing with all his might. "You crow through marrow and bone," said the Ass, "what do you do that for ?"
"That is the way I prophesy fine weather," said the Cock; "but, because grand guests are coming for the Sunday, the housewife has no pity, and has told the cookmaid to make me into soup for the morrow; and this evening my head will be cut off. Now I am crowing with a full throat as long as I can."
"Ah, but you, Red-comb," replied the Ass, " rather come away with us. We are going to Bremen, to find there something better than death; you have a good voice, and if we make music together it will have full play."
The Cock consented to this plan, and so all four travelled on together. They could not, however, reach Bremen in one day, and at evening they came into a forest, where they meant to pass the night. The Ass and the Dog laid themselves down under a large tree, the Cat and the Cock climbed up into the branches, but the latter flew right to the top, where he was most safe. Before he went to sleep he looked all round the four quarters, and soon thought he saw a little spark in the distance; so, calling his companions, he said they were not far from a house, for he saw a light. The Ass said, " If it is so, we had better get up and go further, for the pasturage here is very bad;" and the Dog continued, "Yes, indeed! a couple of bones with some meat on would also be very acceptable!" So they made haste towards the spot where the light was, and which shone now brighter and brighter, until they came to a well-lighted robber's cottage. The Ass, as the biggest, went to the window and peeped in. "What do you see, Gray-horse?" asked the Cock. "What do I see ?" replied the Ass; "a table laid out with savoury meats and drinks, with robbers sitting around enjoying themselves."
"That were the right sort of thing for us," said the Cock.
"Yes, yes, I wish we were there," replied the Ass. Then these animals took counsel together how they should contrive to drive away the robbers, and at last they thought of a way. The Ass places his fore feet upon the window ledge, the Hound got on his back, the Cat climbed up upon the Dog, and lastly the Cock flew up and perched upon the head of the Cat. When this was accomplished, at a given signal they commenced together to perform their music: the Ass brayed, the Dog barked, the Cat mewed, and the Cock crew; and they made such a tremendous noise, and so loud, that the panes of the window were shivered! Terrified at these unearthly sounds, the robbers got up with great precipitation, thinking nothing less than that some spirits had come, and fled off into the forest. The four companions immediately sat down at the table, and quickly ate up all that was left, as if they had been fasting for six weeks.
As soon as the four players had finished, they extinguished the light, and each sought for himself a sleeping place, according to his nature and custom. The Ass laid himself down upon some straw, the Hound behind the door, the Cat upon the hearth, near the warm ashes, and the Cock flew up upon a beam which ran across the room. Weary with their long walk, they soon went to sleep.
At midnight, the robbers perceived from their retreat that no light was burning in their house, and all appeared quiet; so the captain said, "We need not to have been frightened into fits;" and, calling one of the band, he sent him forward to reconnoiter. The messenger, finding all still, went into the kitchen to strike a light, and, taking the glistening fiery eyes of the Cat for live coals, he held a lucifer-match to them, expecting it to take fire. But the Cat, not understanding the joke, flew in his face, spitting and scratching, which dreadfully frightened him, so that he made for the back door; but the Dog, who laid there, sprang up and bit his leg; and as he limped upon the straw where the Ass was stretched out, it gave him a powerful kick with its hind foot. This was not all, for the Cock, awaking at the noise, clapped his wings, and cried from the beam, "Cock-a-doodle-doo, cock-a-doodle-doo!"
Then the robber ran back as well as he could to his captain, and said, " Ah, my master, there dwells a horrible witch in the house, who spat on me and scratched my face with her long nails; and then before the door stands a man with a knife, who chopped at my leg; and in the yard there lies a black monster, who beat me with a great wooden club; and besides all, upon the roof sits a judge, who called out, 'Bring the knave up, do!' so I ran away as fast as I could."
After this the robbers dared not again go near their house; but everything prospered so well with the four town musicians of Bremen, that they did not forsake their situation! And there they are to this day, for anything I know.
Disney's Four Musicians Of Bremen
In 1922 Walt Disney created the cartoon version "The Four Musicians Of Bremen". Click here to see the cartoon on Youtube.
©2009 Don Bull, Editor